Sunday, August 22, 2010

Fanmi Lavalas Govt Plan: The Program's Foundations (for 2001-2006)

English translation released February 11, 2001

The Program's Foundations

The economic and social program of Organization Fanmi Lavalas for the five-year term 2001-2006, is recorded in the global policy defined in Investir dans l'Humain and takes into account the recent assessment of the socio-political and economic situation.

Thus, in the context of this program, the Organization is pursuing the following specific objectives: a) to promote economic growth and more participation in development in order to improve the average per capita income of US $300 per year and to make it possible to double it over the next decade; b) to reinforce the private sector, promoters and social movements that are trying to revitalize the social and economic fabric and induce them to invest in the creation of a number of economic activities that would be development hubs for job creation; c) to dynamize the peaceful struggle of the disadvantaged minorities who are ceaselessly requesting: justice, transparance, and participation;

In order to reach these objectives, the Organization has selected five major courses of action which are: a) The execution of infrastructure works in the very short term, covering and opening up the 565 existing communal sections in order to allow the population's effective participation in the country's economic and social development. This supposes a long term, stable and viable organization of the following sectors: Energy, transportation (roads, airports, seaports, transportation services...), telecommunications (urban, regional and international telephone service...); b) The pursuit of efforts to revive the national production for the five years to come giving priority to growth in the areas of: agriculture, exports, import substitution industries, and crafts. Decisive action will be undertaken in order to promote micro finances and the various types of cooperatives and make them the levers of such growth; c) The pursuit and implementation of the National Education Plan, with three very specific objectives to be reached by 2004, they are: a functional fundamental school in each communal section, universal schooling and a significant reduction of the adult illiteracy rate; d) National health coverage through the expansion of the health center network and reinforcement of primary health care. The objective here is to have a functional body in each communal section by 2004, with effective involvement of the population in the decision-making process; e) The reorganization of the judicial system in the framework of the fight against impunity, the concept of reparation, as well as the extension of law enforcement services to all social categories, especially those living in rural areas. The development of these major axis with the participation of all Haitian citizens, as well as Haiti's friends shall be mostly primarily based on the valorization and management of all of the country's resources. This will also send out a positive signal for taking the road to decentralization.

The Organization has opted for an approach based above all on the human capital and the long term pay off of economic actions and will rely on a stable and lasting partnership between the representatives of the Central State, the local assemblies concerned and all of the economic and social groups interested and involved in the development process. It will also work at reinforcing a state under the rule of law, a strategy oriented and regulatory state, that will guarantee the adoption and application of "open and lasting policies."

The Organization has reserved a prime role for the private sector in the development of the above mentioned major courses of action. The term "private sector" includes large, midsize and small commercial and industrial concerns, including cooperatives and all lucrative activities of the informal sector that require develop initiatives of which some are already underway and others are to be undertaken to include the young and marginalized social groups. For this purpose, Organization Fanmi Lavalas has retained two additional courses of action at the level of the development of the productive sectors: a) To incite the formal private sector to invest more of its own resources for creating a large number of businesses in order to generate massive employment; b) To provide direct support to the informal private sector through public investment programs aimed at their structuring and reinforcement so as to promote small and medium sized businesses.

All of the Organization's efforts will result in an economic environment favorable to the development of income producing activities, the modernizing of the state machinery, and the implementation of a production revival policy, by integrating the instruments as a whole, notably the mobilization of resources from regulated and organized savings and credit funds, as well as foreign assistance, or within the framework of an integrated master scheme targeting collective welfare.

Organization Fanmi Lavalas' Plan of Action for the five year term 2001-2006 is part of the global policy defined in its policy guide and takes into account the recent assessment of the socio-political and economic situation. The plan's strategy is to engage in actions that will immediately impact the population's concerns in the short term as well as structural reform measures whose results will be seen and/or quantified in the mid and long terms. For this purpose, the plan of action the Organization intends to apply focuses on: a) The pursuit of budget consolidation efforts in reinforcing the encashment capacities of internal savings, notably through the development of micro-finance, private capital and external funds. b) The improvement of the business environment aimed at a lasting development of private enterprise and partnerships. This will be achieved with targeted groups, private economic and social agents, such as farmers, cooperatives, labor unions, etc. c) The reinforcement of the State's ability to ensure the security of lives and property; d) The organization and management of basic utilities and means of communication; e) The effective decentralization of national investments, both public and private, as well as that of decision-making and management agencies. f) The implementation of social safety nets beginning with the most disadvantaged and vulnerable age groups within the population; g) The reduction of the physical environment's deterioration.

The first two years will be especially marked by a national effort towards funding, political stability, credible institutions, the reinforcement of the state's authority, a drastic reduction of crime and acts of infringement on private property, and help restore trust at the level of the various economic agents, thus creating the necessary conditions for investment.

From the Haiti Dream Keeper Archives